Top 10 Largest Cities or Towns Sao Tome and Principe
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1) São Tomé
2) Santo Amaro
6) Santa Cruz
9) Santo António
10) Santa Catarina
São Tomé and Príncipe officially the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe, is a Portuguese-speaking island nation in the Gulf of Guinea, off the western equatorial coast of Central Africa.
It consists of two archipelagos around the two main islands: São Tomé and Príncipe, located about 140 kilometres (87 mi) apart and about 250 and 225 kilometres (155 and 140 mi), respectively, off the northwestern coast of Gabon. Both islands are part of an extinct volcanic mountain range. São Tomé, the sizable southern island, is situated just north of the equator. It was named in honour of Saint Thomas by Portuguese explorers who arrived at the island on his feast day on the western shores of the island, a small village called Anobom.
With a census population of 187,356 (2012), São Tomé and Príncipe is the second-smallest African country, behind Seychelles. It is also the smallest Portuguese-speaking country.
The islands of São Tomé and Príncipe were uninhabited before the arrival of the Portuguese sometime around 1470. The islands were discovered by João de Santarém and Pêro Escobar. Portuguese navigators explored the islands and decided that they would be good locations for bases to trade with the mainland.
The dates of discovery are sometimes given as December 21 (St Thomas's Day), 1471 for São Tomé, and January 17 (St Anthony's Day), 1472 for Príncipe, though other sources give different nearby years. Príncipe was initially named Santo Antão (Saint Anthony), changing its name in 1502 to Ilha do Príncipe (Prince's Island), in reference to the Prince of Portugal to whom duties on the island's sugar crop were paid.
The first successful settlement of São Tomé was established in 1493 by Álvaro Caminha, who received the land as a grant from the crown. Príncipe was settled in 1500 under a similar arrangement. Attracting settlers proved difficult, however, and most of the earliest inhabitants were undesirables sent from Portugal, mostly Jews. In time these settlers found the volcanic soil of the region suitable for agriculture, especially the growing of sugar.
The cultivation of sugar was a labor-intensive process and the Portuguese began to import large numbers of slaves from the mainland. By the mid-16th century the Portuguese settlers had turned the islands into Africa's foremost exporter of sugar. São Tomé and Príncipe were taken over and administered by the Portuguese crown in 1522 and 1573, respectively.
However, superior sugar colonies in the Western Hemisphere began to hurt the islands. The large slave population also proved difficult to control, with Portugal unable to invest many resources in the effort. Sugar cultivation thus declined over the next 100 years, and by the mid-17th century, the economy of São Tomé had changed. It was now primarily a transit point for ships engaged in the slave trade between the West and continental Africa.
In the early 19th century, two new cash crops, coffee and cocoa, were introduced. The rich volcanic soils proved well suited to the new cash crop industry, and soon extensive plantations (known as roças), owned by Portuguese companies or absentee landlords, occupied almost all of the good farmland. By 1908, São Tomé had become the world's largest producer of cocoa, which remains the country's most important crop.
The roças system, which gave the plantation managers a high degree of authority, led to abuses against the African farm workers. Although Portugal officially abolished slavery in 1876, the practice of forced paid labor continued. Scientific American magazine documented in words and pictures the continued use of slaves in São Tomé in its March 13, 1897 issue. In the early 20th century, an internationally publicized controversy arose over charges that Angolan contract workers were being subjected to forced labor and unsatisfactory working conditions. Sporadic labor unrest and dissatisfaction continued well into the 20th century, culminating in an outbreak of riots in 1953 in which several hundred African laborers were killed in a clash with their Portuguese rulers. This Batepá Massacre remains a major event in the colonial history of the islands, and its anniversary is officially observed by the government.
Most Visited Country Comparison (217 Nations/Territories tourism ranking)
In this video, we compare the tourist rankings of over 217 countries or their territories. Which is the most visited country in the world? Which is the most popular country in the world? Find out in this video!
Source: United Nation World Tourism Organization 2018 Report
Data is for 2017, unless otherwise indicated below:
* 2017 data not available, 2016 data used
** 2010 data used
' 2008 (Pacific Islands Trade and Investment Comission, Sydney)
'' 2007 (World Bank)
''' Estimate (NY Times, via AF DY Tourism Minister, 2013)
'''' 2000 (World Bank)
` 2008 (World Bank)
`` Estimate (NK News, 70,000 to 80,000 Chinese Tourists + 6,000 Westerners)
``` Kosovo Tourism Department
Dream Catcher Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com)
Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 License
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The following countries are excluded due to the lack of data: Equatorial Guinea, Liberia, Somalia, South Sudan
List of countries/territories in order of appearance:
Nauru, Tuvalu, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Montserrat (UK), Turkmenistan, Niue (NZ), American Samoa (US), Afghanistan, Guinea-Bissau, Solomon Islands, Comoros, São Tomé and Príncipe, Micronesia FSM, Mauritania, Libya, Djibouti, Centr. African Rep., Sierra Leone, Guinea, Tonga, Anguilla (UK), Chad, Timor-Leste, St. Vincent and Gren., San Marino, Liechtenstein, Dominica, North Korea, Kosovo (NON UN), Vanuatu, St. Kitts and Nevis, New Caledonia (France), Palau, Eritrea, Burkina Faso, Rep. Moldova, Samoa, Grenada, Niger, Tajikistan, Cook Islands (NZ), Gambia, Papua New Guinea, Burundi, French Guiana (France), Mali, French Polynesia (France), Kuwait, Congo Rep., Antigua and Barbuda, Guyana, Bhutan, Haiti, Madagascar, Brunei, Benin, Gabon, Bermuda (UK), Suriname, Bangladesh, British Virgin Islands (UK), Seychelles, Dem. Rep. Congo, Monaco, Saint Lucia, Trinidad and Tobago, Angola, Curaçao (Netherlands), St. Maarten (Netherlands), Lesotho, Turks and Caicos (UK), Cayman Islands (UK), Belize, Mongolia, Togo, Palestine, Réunion (France), Martinique (France), Cameroon, Venezuela, FYR Macedonia, Guadeloupe (France), Northern Mariana Islands (US), Barbados, United States Virgin Islands (US), Cabo Verde, Sudan, Fiji, Malawi, Ethiopia, Senegal, Pakistan, Eswatini, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Ghana, Rwanda, Honduras, Nepal, Zambia, Bolivia, Uzbekistan, Yemen, Luxembourg, Aruba (Netherlands), Tanzania, Uganda, Mauritius, Kenya, Maldives, Namibia, Bahamas, Armenia, Serbia, Iraq, Paraguay, Guam (US), El Salvador, Ecuador, Mozambique, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Côte d'Ivoire, Panama, Lebanon, Montenegro, Nigeria, Latvia, Botswana, Belarus, Sri Lanka, Iceland, Qatar, Malta, Oman, Jamaica, Zimbabwe, Algeria, Azerbaijan, Lithuania, Romania, Kyrgyzstan, Costa Rica, Kazakhstan, Andorra, Finland, Estonia, Laos, Myanmar, Georgia, New Zealand, Slovenia, Israel, Cyprus, Uruguay, Puerto Rico (US), Jordan, Vatican City, Cuba, Colombia, Peru, Bahrain, Albania, Iran, Slovakia, Cambodia, Dominican Rep., Norway, Chile, Brazil, Philippines, Argentina, Sweden, Tunisia, Egypt, Belgium, Syria, Australia, Bulgaria, South Africa, Ireland, Taiwan (Non UN), Denmark, Switzerland, Morocco, Czech Republic, Viet Nam, Indonesia, Republic of Korea, Singapore, Ukraine, India, Croatia, Hungary, United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Macao (China), Netherlands, Poland, Canada, Portugal, Russian Federation, Malaysia, Greece, Hong Kong (China), Japan, Austria, Thailand, Germany, Turkey, United Kingdom, Mexico, Italy, China, USA, Spain, France.