Top 10 Largest Cities or Towns of Ivory Coast
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Music : Happy Mandolin,Media Right Productions; YouTube Audio Library
Ivory Coast, officially the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire (French: République de Côte d'Ivoire), is a country in West Africa. Ivory Coast's de jure capital is Yamoussoukro and the biggest city is the port city of Abidjan.
Prior to its colonization by Europeans, Ivory Coast was home to several states, including Gyaaman, the Kong Empire, and Baoulé. There were two Anyi kingdoms, Indénié and Sanwi, which attempted to retain their separate identity through the French colonial period and after independence. Ivory Coast became a protectorate of France in 1843–44 and in 1893 it became a French colony as part of the European scramble for Africa. Ivory Coast became independent in 1960. From 1960 to 1993, the country was led by Félix Houphouët-Boigny. It maintained close political and economic association with its West African neighbours, while at the same time maintaining close ties to the West, especially France. Since the end of Houphouët-Boigny's rule in 1993, Ivory Coast has experienced one coup d’état, in 1999, and two religiously grounded civil wars. The first civil war was between 2002 and 2007, and the Second Ivorian Civil War being in 2010-2011.
Ivory Coast is a republic with a strong executive power invested in the President of Ivory Coast. Through the production of coffee and cocoa, the country was an economic powerhouse during the 1960s and 1970s in West Africa. Ivory Coast went through an economic crisis in the 1980s, contributing to a period of political and social turmoil. The 21st-century Ivoirian economy is largely market-based and relies heavily on agriculture, with smallholder cash-crop production being dominant.
The official language is French, with indigenous local languages also widely used, including Baoulé, Dioula, Dan, Anyin and Cebaara Senufo. The main religions are Islam, Christianity (primarily Roman Catholic) and various indigenous religions.
The first human presence in Ivory Coast has been difficult to determine because human remains have not been well preserved in the country's humid climate. However, the presence of newly found weapon and tool fragments (specifically, polished axes cut through shale and remnants of cooking and fishing) has been interpreted as a possible indication of a large human presence during the Upper Paleolithic period (15,000 to 10,000 BC), or at the minimum, the Neolithic period.
The earliest known inhabitants of Ivory Coast have left traces scattered throughout the territory. Historians believe that they were all either displaced or absorbed by the ancestors of the present indigenous inhabitants, who migrated south into the area before the 16th century. Such groups included the Ehotilé (Aboisso), Kotrowou (Fresco), Zéhiri (Grand Lahou), Ega and Diès (Divo).
The first recorded history is found in the chronicles of North African (Berber) traders, who, from early Roman times, conducted a caravan trade across the Sahara in salt, slaves, gold, and other goods. The southern terminals of the trans-Saharan trade routes were located on the edge of the desert, and from there supplemental trade extended as far south as the edge of the rain forest. The more important terminals—Djenné, Gao, and Timbuctu—grew into major commercial centres around which the great Sudanic empires developed.
By controlling the trade routes with their powerful military forces, these empires were able to dominate neighbouring states. The Sudanic empires also became centres of Islamic education. Islam had been introduced in the western Sudan (today's Mali) by Muslim Berber traders from North Africa; it spread rapidly after the conversion of many important rulers. From the 11th century, by which time the rulers of the Sudanic empires had embraced Islam, it spread south into the northern areas of contemporary Ivory Coast.
The Ghana empire, the earliest of the Sudanic empires, flourished in present-day eastern Mauritania from the fourth to the 13th century. At the peak of its power in the 11th century, its realms extended from the Atlantic Ocean to Timbuctu. After the decline of Ghana, the Mali Empire grew into a powerful Muslim state, which reached its apogee in the early part of the 14th century. The territory of the Mali Empire in Ivory Coast was limited to the north-west corner around Odienné.
Most Visited Country Comparison (217 Nations/Territories tourism ranking)
In this video, we compare the tourist rankings of over 217 countries or their territories. Which is the most visited country in the world? Which is the most popular country in the world? Find out in this video!
Source: United Nation World Tourism Organization 2018 Report
Data is for 2017, unless otherwise indicated below:
* 2017 data not available, 2016 data used
** 2010 data used
' 2008 (Pacific Islands Trade and Investment Comission, Sydney)
'' 2007 (World Bank)
''' Estimate (NY Times, via AF DY Tourism Minister, 2013)
'''' 2000 (World Bank)
` 2008 (World Bank)
`` Estimate (NK News, 70,000 to 80,000 Chinese Tourists + 6,000 Westerners)
``` Kosovo Tourism Department
Dream Catcher Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com)
Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 License
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The following countries are excluded due to the lack of data: Equatorial Guinea, Liberia, Somalia, South Sudan
List of countries/territories in order of appearance:
Nauru, Tuvalu, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Montserrat (UK), Turkmenistan, Niue (NZ), American Samoa (US), Afghanistan, Guinea-Bissau, Solomon Islands, Comoros, São Tomé and Príncipe, Micronesia FSM, Mauritania, Libya, Djibouti, Centr. African Rep., Sierra Leone, Guinea, Tonga, Anguilla (UK), Chad, Timor-Leste, St. Vincent and Gren., San Marino, Liechtenstein, Dominica, North Korea, Kosovo (NON UN), Vanuatu, St. Kitts and Nevis, New Caledonia (France), Palau, Eritrea, Burkina Faso, Rep. Moldova, Samoa, Grenada, Niger, Tajikistan, Cook Islands (NZ), Gambia, Papua New Guinea, Burundi, French Guiana (France), Mali, French Polynesia (France), Kuwait, Congo Rep., Antigua and Barbuda, Guyana, Bhutan, Haiti, Madagascar, Brunei, Benin, Gabon, Bermuda (UK), Suriname, Bangladesh, British Virgin Islands (UK), Seychelles, Dem. Rep. Congo, Monaco, Saint Lucia, Trinidad and Tobago, Angola, Curaçao (Netherlands), St. Maarten (Netherlands), Lesotho, Turks and Caicos (UK), Cayman Islands (UK), Belize, Mongolia, Togo, Palestine, Réunion (France), Martinique (France), Cameroon, Venezuela, FYR Macedonia, Guadeloupe (France), Northern Mariana Islands (US), Barbados, United States Virgin Islands (US), Cabo Verde, Sudan, Fiji, Malawi, Ethiopia, Senegal, Pakistan, Eswatini, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Ghana, Rwanda, Honduras, Nepal, Zambia, Bolivia, Uzbekistan, Yemen, Luxembourg, Aruba (Netherlands), Tanzania, Uganda, Mauritius, Kenya, Maldives, Namibia, Bahamas, Armenia, Serbia, Iraq, Paraguay, Guam (US), El Salvador, Ecuador, Mozambique, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Côte d'Ivoire, Panama, Lebanon, Montenegro, Nigeria, Latvia, Botswana, Belarus, Sri Lanka, Iceland, Qatar, Malta, Oman, Jamaica, Zimbabwe, Algeria, Azerbaijan, Lithuania, Romania, Kyrgyzstan, Costa Rica, Kazakhstan, Andorra, Finland, Estonia, Laos, Myanmar, Georgia, New Zealand, Slovenia, Israel, Cyprus, Uruguay, Puerto Rico (US), Jordan, Vatican City, Cuba, Colombia, Peru, Bahrain, Albania, Iran, Slovakia, Cambodia, Dominican Rep., Norway, Chile, Brazil, Philippines, Argentina, Sweden, Tunisia, Egypt, Belgium, Syria, Australia, Bulgaria, South Africa, Ireland, Taiwan (Non UN), Denmark, Switzerland, Morocco, Czech Republic, Viet Nam, Indonesia, Republic of Korea, Singapore, Ukraine, India, Croatia, Hungary, United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Macao (China), Netherlands, Poland, Canada, Portugal, Russian Federation, Malaysia, Greece, Hong Kong (China), Japan, Austria, Thailand, Germany, Turkey, United Kingdom, Mexico, Italy, China, USA, Spain, France.