Top 10 Cities and Towns of Åland Islands
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The Åland Islands or Åland (Swedish: Åland, Swedish pronunciation: [ˈoːland]; Finnish: Ahvenanmaa) is an autonomous, demilitarised, monolingually Swedish-speaking region of Finland that consists of an archipelago lying at the entrance to the Gulf of Bothnia in the Baltic Sea. Collectively, the islands in the archipelago form the smallest region of Finland, constituting 0.49% of its land area and 0.50% of its population.
Åland comprises Fasta Åland (Main Island, on which 90% of the population resides) and a further 6,500 skerries and islands to its east. Fasta Åland is separated from the coast of Sweden by 38 kilometres (24 mi) of open water to the west. In the east, the Åland archipelago is contiguous with the Finnish Archipelago Sea. Åland's only land border is located on the uninhabited skerry of Märket, which it shares with Sweden.
Åland's autonomous status means that those provincial powers normally exercised by representatives of the central Finnish government are largely exercised by its own government.
The autonomous status of the islands was affirmed by a decision made by the League of Nations in 1921 following the Åland crisis. It was reaffirmed within the treaty admitting Finland to the European Union. By law, Åland is politically neutral and entirely demilitarised, and residents are exempt from conscription to the Finnish Defence Forces. The islands were granted extensive autonomy by the Parliament of Finland in the Act on the Autonomy of Åland of 1920, which was later replaced by new legislation by the same name in 1951 and 1991. Åland remains exclusively Swedish-speaking by law.
In connection with Finland's admission to the European Union, a protocol was signed concerning the Åland Islands that stipulates, among other things, that provisions of the European Community Treaty shall not force a change of the existing restrictions for foreigners (i.e., persons who do not enjoy home region rights (hembygdsrätt) in Åland) to acquire and hold real property or to provide certain services.
The Åland Islands formed part of the territory ceded to Russia by Sweden under the Treaty of Fredrikshamn in September 1809. As a result, along with all other parts of Finland, they became part of the semi-autonomous Grand Duchy of Finland.
During this process, Sweden failed to secure a provision that the islands not be fortified. The issue was important not only for Sweden but also for the United Kingdom, which was concerned that a military presence on the islands could threaten Britain's military and commercial interests.
In 1832, Russia started to fortify the islands with the great fortress of Bomarsund. A combined British and French force of warships and marines captured and destroyed the fortress in 1854 as part of the campaign in the Baltic during the Crimean War. The 1856 Treaty of Paris demilitarized the entire Åland Islands archipelago.
During the Finnish Civil War, in 1918, Swedish troops intervened as a peacekeeping force between the Russian troops stationed on the islands and White and Red Finnish troops who came from Finland over the frozen sea. (Historians point out that Sweden may have in reality planned to occupy the islands.) Within weeks, the Swedish troops gave way to German troops who occupied Åland by request of the White (conservative) Senate of Finland.
FINLAND TOP 10 CITIES 2017,10 Best Places to Visit in Finland
VIDEO TITLE:FINLAND TOP 10 CITIES 2017,10 Best Places to Visit in Finland
Finland (/ˈfɪnlənd/ (About this sound listen); Finnish: Suomi [suomi] (About this sound listen); Swedish: Finland [ˈfɪnland]), officially the Republic of Finland, is a sovereign state in Northern Europe. A peninsula with the Gulf of Finland to the south and the Gulf of Bothnia to the west, the country has land borders with Sweden to the northwest, Norway to the north, and Russia to the east. Estonia is south of the country across the Gulf of Finland. Finland is a Nordic country situated in the geographical region of Fennoscandia, which also includes Scandinavia. Finland's population is 5.5 million (2014), and the majority of the population is concentrated in the southern region. 88.7% of the population is Finnish people who speak Finnish, a Uralic language unrelated to the Scandinavian languages; the second major group are the Finland-Swedes (5.3%). In terms of area, it is the eighth largest country in Europe and the most sparsely populated country in the European Union.
Finland is a parliamentary republic with a central government based in the capital Helsinki, local governments in 311 municipalities, and an autonomous region, the Åland Islands. Over 1.4 million people live in the Greater Helsinki metropolitan area, which produces a third of the country's GDP. From the late 12th century, Finland was an integral part of Sweden, a legacy reflected in the prevalence of the Swedish language and its official status. In the spirit of the notion of Adolf Ivar Arwidsson (1791–1858), we are not Swedes, we do not want to become Russians, let us therefore be Finns, the Finnish national identity started to become established. Nevertheless, in 1809, Finland was incorporated into the Russian Empire as the autonomous Grand Duchy of Finland. In 1906, Finland became the second nation in the world to give the right to vote to all adult citizens and the first in the world to give all adult citizens the right to run for public office. Following the 1917 Russian Revolution, Finland declared itself independent.
In 1918, the fledgling state was divided by civil war, with the Bolshevik-leaning Reds supported by the equally new Soviet Russia, fighting the Whites, supported by the German Empire. After a brief attempt to establish a kingdom, the country became a republic. During World War II, the Soviet Union sought repeatedly to occupy Finland, with Finland losing parts of Karelia, Salla and Kuusamo, Petsamo and some islands, but retaining independence. Finland joined the United Nations in 1955 and established an official policy of neutrality. The Finno-Soviet Treaty of 1948 gave the Soviet Union some leverage in Finnish domestic politics during the Cold War era. Finland joined the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in 1969, the NATO Partnership for Peace on 1994, the European Union in 1995, the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council in 1997, and finally the Eurozone at its inception, in 1999.
Finland was a relative latecomer to industrialization, remaining a largely agrarian country until the 1950s. After World War II, the Soviet Union demanded war reparations from Finland not only in money but also in material such as ships and machinery. This forced Finland to industrialize. It rapidly developed an advanced economy while building an extensive Nordic-style welfare state, resulting in widespread prosperity and one of the highest per capita incomes in the world. However, Finnish GDP growth has been negative in 2012–2014 (−0.698% to −1.426%), with a preceding nadir of −8% in 2009. Finland is a top performer in numerous metrics of national performance, including education, economic competitiveness, civil liberties, quality of life, and human development. In 2015, Finland was ranked first in the World Human Capital and the Press Freedom Index, and as the most stable country in the world during 2011–2016 in the Fragile States Index, and second in the Global Gender Gap Report. A large majority of Finns are members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church, though freedom of religion is guaranteed under the Finnish Constitution.
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We had three days in the Åland Islands to explore as much as we could. We went cycling through the snow, on a mountain hike and tried curling for the first time!
Thanks to the Nordic Blogger's Experience and Visit Aland for getting us there!
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The Åland Islands, Finland in Winter
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I visited the Åland Islands in Finland in January and was blown away by Åland's beautiful landscape in winter. The water was frozen and Åland was covered in snow, and there was so much to do both outside and inside. It's definitely a special place and an easy place to go both from Stockholm and Helsinki - highly recommended!
Top 10 Largest Cities or Towns of Faroe Islands
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The Faroe Islands is an archipelago and autonomous country within the Kingdom of Denmark, situated between the Norwegian Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, approximately halfway between Norway and Iceland, at about 320 kilometres (200 mi) north-north-west of mainland Scotland. The total area is approximately 1,400 km2 (540 sq mi) with a 2010 population of almost 50,000 people.
The name Faroe is derived from two Faroese words which mean sheep and islands.
The Faroe Islands have been a self-governing country within the Danish Realm since 1948. Over the years, the Faroese have taken control of most domestic matters. Areas that remain the responsibility of Denmark include military defence, police, justice, currency and foreign affairs. The Faroe Islands also have representatives in the Nordic Council as members of the Danish delegation.
The islands were associated with and taxed by Norway, then the Union of Kalmar, and then Denmark-Norway until 1814, when Norway was united with Sweden. Scandinavia was in political turmoil following the Sixth Coalition of the Napoleonic Wars, when the Treaty of Kiel granted Denmark control over the Faroes, Iceland and Greenland in 1814. The Danish trade monopoly ended in 1856.
Archaeological evidence shows settlers living on the Faroe Islands in two successive periods prior to the arrival of the Norse, the first between 400 and 600 AD and the second between 600 and 800 AD. Scientists from Aberdeen University have also found early cereal pollen from domesticated plants, which further suggests people may have lived on the islands before the Vikings arrived. Archaeologist Mike Church noted that Dicuil (see below) mentioned what may have been the Faroes. He also suggested that the people living there might have been from Ireland, Scotland or Scandinavia, with possibly groups from all three areas settling there.
A Latin account of a voyage made by Saint Brendan, an Irish monastic saint who lived around 484--578, includes a description of insulae (islands) resembling the Faroe Islands. This association, however, is far from conclusive in its description.
Dicuil, an Irish monk of the early 9th century, wrote a more definite account. In his geographical work De menura orbis terrae he claimed he had reliable information of heremitae ex nostra Scotia (hermits from our land of Ireland) who had lived on the northerly islands of Britain for almost a hundred years until the arrival of Norse pirates.
Top 10 Places To Visit in Finland | List of 10 Finland Tourist Attractions | Thinks To Do in Finland
Top 10 Places To Visit in Finland | List of 10 Finland Tourist Attractions | Thinks To Do in Finland
Levi is a fell arranged in Finnish Lapland, and the finest ski inn in Finland. The inn is organized in Kittilä vicinity and is served by means of Kittilä Airport and Kolari railroad station. Wikipedia
Tampere is a metropolis in Pirkanmaa, southern Finland. it is the maximum jammed inland town in any of the Nordic international locations. Wikipedia
3. Aland Archipelago
The sublime Åland archipelago is a geopolitical irregularity: the islands have an area with Finland, impart in Swedish, yet have their very own particular parliament, fly their own unique blue-gold-and-cautioning, problem their very own particular stamps and feature their own specific internet postfix: 'contact ax'. Their 'incredible relationship' with the ecu suggests they can provide commitment unfastened and make their personal specific wagering legal guidelines.
Kemi is a metropolis and area of Finland. it's far found to a exceptional diploma near the city of Tornio. It become set up in 1869 with the aid of announcement of Russian Sovereign Alexander II because of its closeness to a sizable water harbor. Wikipedia
5. Finnish Lakeland
Finnish Lakeland or Finnish lake district is the best of the 4 scene areas into which the geography of Finland is disengaged.
The difficult, woodland secured scene of the lake degree is governed through drumlins and via on account that pretty some time ago curved eskers. Wikipedia
Turku is a metropolis on the southwest bank of Finland on the mouth of the charisma River, inside the variety of Southwest Finland. Wikipedia
Porvoo is a metropolis and a locale orchestrated on the southern shore of Finland around 50 kilometers east of Helsinki. Porvoo is
one of the six medieval towns in Finland, in the beginning indicated as a metropolis in works from fourteenth century. Wikipedia
Savonlinna is a town and a locale of 35,504 tenants in the southeast of Finland, inside the coronary heart of the Saimaa lake range.
The Finnish call of the town implies Château of Savonia and the Swedish call method New fortress. Wikipedia
Rovaniemi is the capital of Lapland, in northern Finland. absolutely devastated inside the midst of world war II, today it is a current metropolis regarded for being the official fundamental habitation of Santa Claus, and for audit the Northern lights. it is domestic to Arktikum, a chronicled attention and technology middle exploring the Arctic vicinity and the chronicled surroundings of Finnish Lapland. The technology center Pilke highlights natural presentations on northern forests.
Helsinki, Finland's southern capital, sits on a projection inside the Gulf of Finland. Its important avenue, Mannerheimintie, is flanked
by using institutions consisting of the national Museum, taking after Finnish records from the Stone Age to the prevailing. furthermore on Mannerheimintie are the constraining Parliament residence and Kiasma, a current craftsmanship exhibition. extend purple-piece Uspenski Cathedral overlooks a harbor.
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Top 10 Fastest Rides at Universal Orlando! | Universal Studios Florida & Islands of Adventure
It's time to take a look at the Universal Resort in Orlando Florida! Universal Orlando is home to two theme parks: Universal Studios Florida and Islands of Adventure. Both parks are packed with thrilling rides and attractions for the whole family including, dark rides, roller coasters & water rides. Everything from the Wizarding World of Harry Potter, to Marvel to the Simpsons and so much more is waiting for you at Universal Studios Orlando. So today we're gonna count down the Top 10 Fastest rides at Universal Orlando Resort! DON'T FORGET TO LIKE AND SUBSCRIBE!*** ► ◄
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5 Top Tourist Attractions in Finland | Europe | Love Is Vacation
5 Top Tourist Attractions in Finland
Finland is most famed for its incredible natural beauty. Crystal clear lakes, stunning island archipelagos, and towards the north, pristine winter wonderlands dominate the landscape. Meanwhile, modern cities and towns stay in tune with the times by offering world-class dining and accommodation options. Here’s a look at the top tourist attractions in Finland
1 Aland Islands
2 Old Porvoo
3 Olavinlinna Castle
4 Urho Kekkonen National Park
5 Helsinki Cathedral
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Top 7 Travel Destinations in Africa
Africa is a great travel gem to be discovered, filled with abundant wildlife, diverse aquatic life and some of the world’s best beaches and friendliest people.
Below you'll find my personal favorite places to visit in Africa. Planning your trip around any of these destinations will be worthwhile.
Africa is one of the most popular tourist destinations across the globe.
In fact, it is extremely famous among people who love adventure, nature’s diversity as well as mind blowing landscapes.
A person visiting South Africa simply can’t get enough of the country and wish to return back for more and more.
Here are the Africa's Top 7 Travel Destinations.
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Top 10 Cities of Finland
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Finland (Listeni/ˈfɪnlənd/; About this sound Finnish: Suomi (help·info); Swedish: Finland), officially the Republic of Finland, is a Nordic country situated in the Fennoscandian region of Northern Europe. It is bordered by Sweden to the west, Norway to the north, Russia to the east, and Estonia to the south across the Gulf of Finland.
5.4 million people live in Finland (end of 2012), with the majority concentrated in its southern regions. In terms of area, it is the eighth largest country in Europe and the most sparsely populated country in the European Union. Politically, it is a parliamentary republic with a central government based in the capital of Helsinki, local governments in 336 municipalities and an autonomous region, the Åland Islands (making Finland a federacy). About one million residents live in the Greater Helsinki area (consisting of Helsinki, Espoo, Kauniainen, and Vantaa) and a third of the country's GDP is produced there. Other larger cities include Tampere, Turku, Oulu, Jyväskylä, Lahti, and Kuopio.
From the 12th until the start of the 19th century, Finland was a part of Sweden. It then became an autonomous Grand Duchy within the Russian Empire until the Russian Revolution. This prompted the Finnish Declaration of Independence, which was followed by a civil war where the pro-Bolshevik Reds were defeated by the pro-conservative Whites with support from the German Empire. After a brief attempt to establish a monarchy in the country, Finland became a republic. Finland's experience of World War II involved three separate conflicts: the Winter War (1939--1940) and Continuation War (1941--1944) against the Soviet Union and the Lapland War (1944--1945) against Nazi Germany. Following the end of the war, Finland joined the United Nations in 1955, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in 1969, the European Union in 1995, and the eurozone at its inception in 1999. During this time, it built an extensive Nordic-style welfare state.
Finland was a relative latecomer to industrialisation, remaining a largely agrarian country until the 1950s. Thereafter, economic development was rapid, such that today, Finland has a nominal per-capita income of over $46,000 (2012). According to some measures, Finland has the best educational system in Europe and has recently been ranked as one of the world's most peaceful and economically competitive countries. It has also been ranked as one of the world's countries with the highest quality of life. In 2010, Newsweek magazine ranked Finland as the overall best country in the world after summing various factors. Source:
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GORGEOUS! Suomenlinna Helsinki Finland Sea Fortress! - Helsinki Travel Guide
Suomenlinna, is Helsinki Finland's Sea Fortress just off the coast of Finland in Helsinki city. A short ferry ride will get you over to the UNESCO site. Enjoy this short Helsinki Travel Guide.
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The beauty of Åland Islands - Ahvenanmaan maakunta
Åland Islands ( Ahvenanmaan maakunta in Finnish ) is an autonomous Swedish-speaking island region in Finland. Very beautiful on top of that. Do see more on:
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Top 10 Destinations in Scandinavia according to Insight Guides
10. Northern Lights
The Northern Lights look somewhat similar to a sunset in the sky at night, but appear occasionally in arcs or spirals usually following the earth's magnetic field. They fairly often look like moving curtains of light, high in the sky. They are most often light green in color but often have a hint of pink.
9. Medieval Trondheim
Trondheim is the oldest of Norway's major cities, and its old heritage can still be traced in and around the city centre. The marvellous Nidaros Cathedral, the second largest church of Northern Europe, towers over the city centre, which is roughly the area inside the meandering Nidelva.
8. Disko Bay, Greenland
Disko Bay is a bay on the western coast of Greenland. To the south the coastline is complicated with multiple waterways of skerries and small islands in the Aasiaat archipelago. Qasigiannguit and Ilimanaq are the main settlements in the southeastern inlet, just south of the outflow of Ilulissat Icefjord.
7. Åland Islands
Åland is an autonomous area in the Baltic Sea, consisting of one main island and a surrounding archipelago. While legally a part of Finland, in practice the islands run their own affairs and are rather different from the mainland. The archipelago consists of around 80 inhabited islands plus around 6000 uninhabited islands, islets and rocks.
Bergen is the second largest city in Norway and the most popular gateway to the fjords of West Norway. The city is renowned for its beautiful nature and offers excellent hiking opportunities in its immediate surroundings. Having fostered many of Norway's greatest bands and artists, the city is also famous for its cultural life and underground/indie music scene.
Turku is the third largest city in Finland. Some of the main attractions of Turku are its history and the great natural beauty of the neighboring archipelago. Turku is at its best during the summertime, and hosts a great number of festivals, including rock festivals, chamber music festivals and a fair.
4. Vigeland Sculpture Park, Oslo
Frogner Park contains, in its present centre, the world famous Vigeland installation, a permanent sculpture installation created by Gustav Vigeland between the 1920s and 1943. The sculpture park consists of sculptures as well as larger structures such as bridges and fountains.
Stockholm is the capital and largest city of Sweden, with nearly 2 million inhabitants in its metropolitan area. Over 30% of the city area is made up of waterways, and another 30% is made up of green areas. Air and water are said to be the freshest of any European capital.
The sauna is perhaps Finland's most significant contribution to the world. The sauna is essentially a room heated to 70--120°C; according to an oft-quoted statistic this nation of 5 million has no less than 2 million saunas, in apartments, offices, summer cottages and even Parliament.
A fjord is a long, narrow, deep bay, usually surrounded by equally steep mountainous terrain. In West Norway, the largest can extend 200 km inland, 1300 m deep. The great fjords of western Norway cuts deep into the mainland and are particularly dramatic at the intersection with the high central mountains from Hardangervidda via Jotunheimen to the alps around Åndalsnes.
Top 10 Best Things to do in Guernsey, United Kingdom UK
Guernsey Travel Guide. MUST WATCH. Top 10 things you have to do in Guernsey . We have sorted Tourist Attractions in Guernsey for You. Discover Guernsey as per the Traveller Resources given by our Travel Specialists. You will not miss any fun thing to do in Guernsey .
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List of Best Things to do in Guernsey , United Kingdom (UK)
German Naval Signals HQ
German Occupation Museum
The Guernsey Tapestry
The Little Chapel
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Best places to visit - Harjavalta (Finland) Best places to visit - Slideshows from all over the world - City trips, nature pictures, etc.
Tourism in Finland - Best Tourist Attractions
Tourism in Finland - Best Tourist Attractions
Finland is a sovereign state in Northern Europe. The country has land borders with Sweden to the northwest, Norway to the north, and Russia to the east. To the south is the Gulf of Finland with Estonia on the opposite side. Finland is a Nordic country and, together with Scandinavia, is situated in the geographical region of Fennoscandia.
Finland's population is 5.5 million (2016), and the majority of the population is concentrated in the southern region. 88.7% of the population is Finnish and speaks Finnish, a Uralic language unrelated to the Scandinavian languages; next come the Finland-Swedes (5.3%). Finland is the eighth-largest country in Europe and the most sparsely populated country in the European Union. It is a parliamentary republic with a central government based in the capital city of Helsinki, local governments in 311 municipalities, and one autonomous region, the Åland Islands. Over 1.4 million people live in the Greater Helsinki metropolitan area, which produces one third of the country's GDP.
Finland was inhabited when the last ice age ended, approximately 9000 BCE. The first settlers left behind artifacts that present characteristics shared with those found in Estonia, Russia, and Norway. The earliest people were hunter-gatherers, using stone tools. The first pottery appeared in 5200 BCE, when the Comb Ceramic culture was introduced. The arrival of the Corded Ware culture in southern coastal Finland between 3000 and 2500 BCE may have coincided with the start of agriculture. The Bronze Age and Iron Age were characterised by extensive contacts with other cultures in the Fennoscandian and Baltic regions and the sedentary farming inhabitation increased towards the end of Iron Age. At the time Finland had three main cultural areas, Southwest Finland, Tavastia and Karelia, as reflected in contemporary jewellery.
From the late 13th century, Finland gradually became an integral part of Sweden through the crusades and the Swedish part-colonisation of coastal Finland, a legacy reflected in the prevalence of the Swedish language and its official status. In 1809, Finland was incorporated into the Russian Empire as the autonomous Grand Duchy of Finland. In 1906, Finland became the first European state to grant all adult citizens the right to vote, and the first in the world to give all adult citizens the right to run for public office.
Following the 1917 Russian Revolution, Finland declared itself independent. In 1918, the fledgling state was divided by civil war, with the Bolshevik-leaning Red Guard supported by the equally new Soviet Russia, fighting the White Guard, supported by the German Empire. After a brief attempt to establish a kingdom, the country became a republic. During World War II, the Soviet Union sought repeatedly to occupy Finland, with Finland losing parts of Karelia, Salla, Kuusamo, Petsamo and some islands, but retaining independence.
Finland joined the United Nations in 1955 and established an official policy of neutrality. The Finno-Soviet Treaty of 1948 gave the Soviet Union some leverage in Finnish domestic politics during the Cold War era. Finland joined the OECD in 1969, the NATO Partnership for Peace in 1994, the European Union in 1995, the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council in 1997, and finally the Eurozone at its inception, in 1999.
Finland was a relative latecomer to industrialisation, remaining a largely agrarian country until the 1950s. After World War II, the Soviet Union demanded war reparations from Finland not only in money but also in material, such as ships and machinery. This forced Finland to industrialise. It rapidly developed an advanced economy while building an extensive welfare state based on the Nordic model, resulting in widespread prosperity and one of the highest per capita incomes in the world. Finland is a top performer in numerous metrics of national performance, including education, economic competitiveness, civil liberties, quality of life, and human development. In 2015, Finland was ranked first in the World Human Capital and the Press Freedom Index and as the most stable country in the world during 2011–2016 in the Fragile States Index. A large majority of Finns are members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church.
tags: Finland, Europe, european, Lapland, Aurora Borealis, Helsinki, Lutheran Cathedral, North Pole, arctic, country, finnish, snow, Capital, National Museum, National Theater, Tampere , travel, tourism, travel, tourist, tourists, backpacker, tourist attractions, castle, Helsinki, European Union, fortress, Suomelinna Lake, Uspenski, Katajanokka, Punkaharju, Savonlinna, Baltic, Baltic Sea, travel, Headquarters of Nokia, north, lakes
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Summer Weekend on the Åland Islands
This is a video I recorded on a summer weekend in June 2017 during a short visit to the Åland Islands, in Finland.
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The Beauty of the Northern Countries (Norway, Iceland, Finland, Sweden, etc)
A tribute to the beauty and culture of Greenland, Denmark, The Faroe Islands, Sweden, Finland including Åland, and Norway... including Svalbard, Jan Mayen, and the traditional territories of the indigenous Sami people. (The flag I display for Svalbard and Jan Meyen is not at all official.. it was simply a proposed flag. These islands usually display the Norwegian flag, as they are part of Norway, but I wanted to create a distinction for the purpose of the organization of this video.)
A Closer Look at Norway
This Video is about a beautiful part of the world. I do not want the comment section to be filled with debates about what is Scandinavian, what is Nordic, whether the Finns were viking and so on. It makes me sad to see such arguments.
The best of the Faroe Islands (Fær Øer - Føroyar)
The must-see places in the Faroe Islands (Fær Øer - Føroyar).
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