Top 10 Largest Cities or Towns of Kiribati
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Kiribati, officially the Independent and Sovereign Republic of Kiribati, is an island nation in the central tropical Pacific Ocean. The permanent population is just over 100,000 (2011) on 800 square kilometres (310 sq mi). The nation is composed of 32 atolls and one raised coral island, Banaba, dispersed over 3.5 million square kilometres, (1,351,000 square miles) straddling the equator, and bordering the International Date Line at its easternmost point.
The name Kiribati is the local pronunciation of Gilberts, which derives from the main island chain, named the Gilbert Islands after the British explorer Thomas Gilbert, who sailed through the islands in 1788. The capital, South Tarawa, consists of a number of islets connected through a series of causeways, located in the Tarawa archipelago. Kiribati became independent from the United Kingdom in 1979. It is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the IMF and the World Bank, and became a full member of the United Nations in 1999.
Kiribati was named in French by captains Krusenstern and Louis Isidore Duperrey îles Gilbert, Gilbert Islands, after the British Captain Thomas Gilbert, who sighted the islands in 1788. The current name, Kiribati, is an adaptation of Gilberts, from the former European name the Gilbert Islands. Although the indigenous name for the Gilbert Islands proper is Tungaru in Gilbertese language, the new state chose the name Kiribati, the Gilbertese rendition of Gilberts, as an equivalent of the former colony to acknowledge the inclusion of islands never considered part of the Gilberts chain.
The area now called Kiribati has been inhabited by Micronesians speaking the same Oceanic language since sometime between 3000 BC and AD 1300. The area was not isolated; invaders from Tonga and Samoa, and from Fiji, later introduced Polynesian and Melanesian cultural aspects, respectively. Intermarriage tended to blur cultural differences and resulted in a significant degree of cultural homogenisation.
Contact with Europeans began in the 16th century when Magellan, Saavedra and Quirós discovered and conquered the islands of Pope Clement VIII in 1520, the islands of the Queen Catalina in 1528 and the Island (La) Carolina in 1606 (Spanish rule lasted from 1528-1885), at that time the islands of Santa Catalina, were named in honor of queen Catherine of Aragon. Whalers, slave traders and merchant ships arrived in large numbers during the 19th century, and the resulting agitation fomented internal conflicts between tribes and introduced European epidemics.
The main island chain was named the Gilbert Islands in 1820 by a Russian admiral, Adam von Krusenstern, and French captain Louis Duperrey, after a British captain named Thomas Gilbert, who crossed the archipelago in 1788 when sailing from Australia to China.
From the early 19th century, Western whalers, merchant vessels and slave traders visited the islands, introducing diseases and firearms. The first British settlers arrived in 1837. In 1892 the Gilbert Islands consented to become a British protectorate together with the nearby Ellice Islands. They were administered by the Western Pacific High Commission based in Fiji. Together they became the crown colony of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands in 1916. Christmas Island (or Kiritimati) became part of the colony in 1919 and the Phoenix Islands were added in 1937. Sir Arthur Grimble was a cadet administrative officer based at Tarawa (1913--1919) and became Resident Commissioner of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands colony in 1926.
Tarawa Atoll and others of the Gilbert group were occupied by Japan during World War II. Tarawa was the site of one of the bloodiest battles in US Marine Corps history. Marines landed in November 1943; the Battle of Tarawa was fought at Kiribati's former capital Betio on Tarawa Atoll.
Some of the islands of Kiribati, especially in the remote Line Islands, were formerly used by the United States and United Kingdom for nuclear weapons testing including hydrogen bombs in the late 1950s and early 1960s.
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When under British rule the Republic of Kiribati was known as the Gilbert Islands. The nation contains Gilbert, Phoenix and Line Islands and 33 atolls which are scattered across 1.3 million square miles of the Pacific. The country is the only nation to fall within all four hemispheres. Over half of the country’s one hundred thousand permanent residents live in the capital city of Tarawa. Though western influence is steadily establishing itself in Kiribati, most locals live in traditional huts and eat coconuts, breadfruit, and fish as they have done for hundreds of years. The LGBT community faces social disadvantages in the nation. Male homosexuality is illegal with a punishment of 5 years in prison. Female sexuality is legal but heavily frowned upon.
Almost all of the nearly 850,000 people who live in the Republic of Djibouti adhere to Islam and have done so for the last thousand years. Before voting for independence in 1977, the area was a French territory. The region is a desert that is located in eastern Africa and is a place where you may find large groups of people caravaning on a single vehicle, a site that may be odd in the United States but one that is much more common in many parts of Africa. One major landmark of the region is Lake Assal, the third lowest point on earth and one of the world’s saltiest bodies of water. Outside of Djibouti City, the country is free of large-scale development and is a great place to go on an outdoor adventure.
Being a 100 square mile island located in the middle of the Pacific Ocean and having a population of around 1,200 makes Niue one of the most isolated nations on the planet. While not a member of the U.N. the organization does recognize Niue as a freely associated state with New Zealand, with whom they maintain strong ties. New Zealand produces Niue’s coin’s and, in 2014 created Disney coins to be used as currency on the island. With help from the E.U. Niue has been in the process of converting to renewable energy since 2009, when a solar power system was installed, providing 6% of the country's electricity.
The country only started letting outsiders in starting in the 1970’s and has an interesting approach to tourism. Foreign visitors have to pay a $250 tariff per day. While this may seem pricey, it is an all-inclusive fee that covers accommodation, food, transport and even a guide. Bhutan is located in South Asia between India and China and is a place that takes great pride in their ancient, Buddhist traditions. Radio broadcasting didn’t begin in the country until 1973, a year which also saw the nation institute a policy to measure the country's Gross National Happiness. The internet and television didn’t arrive until 1999. Bhutan is also very environmentally conscious. Law states that at least 60% of the country must remain forested and it absorbs more carbon than it emits.
An island country that is southeast of the Philippines, Palau has only been around for 22 years having become independent on October 1, 1994. The country contains roughly 250 Island, the most populous of which is Koror and has a total population of nearly 18,000 people. Palau maintains an association with the United States, who provides defense and funding to the Republic. One of the country’s most famous places is Blue Corner which is a body of water that is world renowned for its scuba diving and is known for its sharks. Palau created the world’s first shark sanctuary beginning in 2009 and is a global leader in protecting marine ecosystems.
A former colony of the Netherlands, today Suriname is the smallest country in South America and has a population of 540,000. The country’s president, Desi Bouterse, claimed the position after staging a military coup in 1980. The dictator has been ruling the nation with an iron fist ever since. He was responsible for and according to an eyewitness, took place in the December Murders in 1982. On December 7, 1982, Bouterse rounded up 15 dissidents, mostly respected journalists, and professors, and brought them to Fort Zeelandia, which is located in the capital city of Paramaribo and is the city's oldest building. There Bouterse ordered the group to be tortured and murdered, with Bouterse himself reportedly killing two of the victims. The Netherlands convicted the ruler of smuggling over 1,000 pounds of cocaine into the country, and Europol issued a warrant for his arrest in 1999. None of this matters as Bouterse position as president gives him legal immunity and Suriname has no extradition treaty with the Dutch.
Top 10 Best Places To Visit in Zimbabwe - You Should Know Before Visit Zimbabwe
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TOP 10 Places to Visit in Tonga
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Lifuka is an island in the Kingdom of Tonga. It is located within the Haʻapai Group in the centre of the country, to northeast of the national capital of Nukuʻalofa.
Pangai is the administrative capital village of the Haʻapai Group in Tonga.
Niuatoputapu is a high island in the island nation of Tonga, Pacific Ocean, its highest point being at 157 m. Its name means sacred island. Older European names for the island are Traitors island or Keppel island.
Foa is an island in Tonga. It is located within the Haʻapai group in the centre of the country, to northeast of the national capital of Nukuʻalofa. Foa is linked to adjacent Lifuka Island by a causeway, and is located 640 metres northeast of Lifuka.
ʻEua is a smaller but still major island in the kingdom of Tonga. It is close to Tongatapu, but forms a separate administrative division. It has an area of 87.44 km², and a population in 2011 of 5,016 people.
Haʻapai is a group of islands, islets, reefs and shoals with an area of 109.30 square kilometres in the central part of the Kingdom of Tonga, with the Tongatapu group to the south and the Vavaʻu group to the north.
Neiafu is the second-largest town in Tonga with a population of about 6,000. It is situated beside the Port of Refuge, a deep-water harbour on the south coast of Vavaʻu, the main island of the Vavaʻu archipelago in northern Tonga.
Vavaʻu is the island group of one large island and 40 smaller ones in Tonga. It is part of Vavaʻu District which includes several other individual islands.
Tongatapu is the main island of Tonga, a Polynesian archipelago. The Tongan capital city, Nuku‘alofa, on the north coast, is home to the waterfront Royal Palace. Indoor and outdoor stalls at the Talamahu Market sell tropical produce plus local arts and crafts. In the east of the island is the ancient capital Mu’a, now an archaeological site with centuries-old, pyramid-like royal tombs and burial mounds.
Nukuʻalofa is the capital of Tonga. It is located on the north coast of the island of Tongatapu, in the southernmost island group of Tonga.
Kiritimati (Kiribati) - Christmas Island Documentary - Between Sky and Ocean
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Kiritimati or Christmas Island is a Pacific Ocean raised coral atoll in the northern Line Islands, and part of the Republic of Kiribati.
The island has the greatest land area of any coral atoll in the world: about 322 square kilometres (124 sq mi); its lagoon is about the same size. The atoll is about 150 km (93 mi) in perimeter, while the lagoon shoreline extends for over 48 km (30 mi). Christmas Island comprises over 70% of the total land area of Kiribati, a country encompassing 33 Pacific atolls and islands.
Kiritimati Island (Christmas) is well known for its world class bone fishing. It also has excellent birdwatching and surfing opportunities.
It lies 232 km (144 mi) north of the Equator, 6,700 km (4,200 mi) from Sydney, and 5,360 km (3,330 mi) from San Francisco. Christmas Island is in the world's farthest forward time zone, UTC+14, and Christmas Island is one of the first inhabited places on Earth to experience the New Year each year (see also Caroline Atoll, Kiribati). Despite being 2,460 km (1,530 mi) east of the 180 meridian, a 1995 realignment of the International Dateline by the Republic of Kiribati moved Christmas Island to west of the dateline.
Nuclear tests were conducted in the region around Christmas Island by the United Kingdom in the late 1950s, and by the United States in 1962. During these tests islanders were not evacuated. Subsequently British, New Zealand, and Fijian servicemen as well as local islanders have claimed to have suffered from exposure to the radiation from these blasts.
The entire island is a Wildlife Sanctuary; access to five particularly sensitive areas (see below) is restricted.
The name Kiritimati is a rather straightforward respelling of the English word Christmas in Gilbertese, in which the combination ti is pronounced s, and the name is thus pronounced [kəˈrɪsməs].
Directed and Edited by Wojciech Hupert
Music: Flowers of Kava
for any questions and enquiries, please contact me via twitter: @wojciechhupert